What is Bamboo? What are the benefits and harms?


Name of Food
English: Bamboo
Latin: Bambusoideae

Homeland and Climate:

Bamboo is a plant belonging to tropical regions that reach maturity in 3-4 years. It is a plant used in many sectors such as chemistry, paper, food, building, furniture. After about 6-7 months, its length can reach 20-30 meters. Every day, an average of 10-13 cm lengthens. It can grow even at 3500 m altitudes in regions where the climate is suitable. It is widely cultivated in regions where the subtropic and tropical climate is effective. When a cross-section of bamboo is taken, it is observed that the interior is hollow. As the age increases, the lignin ratio in its structure increases and this causes the plant to become woody. Bamboos for 2-4 years can be preferred to obtain fiber. Otherwise, its fibers will not be separated. It grows mostly on streams, where water is abundant. Thanks to its wide network with its roots, the transportation of water are easy, so the plant grows quickly and the soil's resistance to erosion increases.

Herbal Features:

Bamboo is a plant rich in antioxidants and bioactive components. Vitamin E, Vitamin C, flavonoids, phenols are antioxidants rich in a bamboo shoot. Zinc, copper, iron, manganese, and selenium are trace elements rich in bamboo. These elements in their shoots; become cofactor in vital biochemical reactions.

The fact that bamboo fiber is natural antibacterial provides the substance called “bambukun” in its structure. The spaces in its cross-section give bamboo a high level of moisture retention and air permeability.

Benefits and/or Losses:

The practices of bamboo for healing were first mentioned in India 10,000 years ago. In ancient times; It has been an important component of traditional Asian medicines. Bamboo and its products in the Indian medical system; It is used in the treatment of diseases such as weak bone, curled hair, arthritis, wrinkle, vomiting, bloody discharge, cough, colds.

Various alternatives such as bamboo extracts, bamboo vinegar, bamboo salt, bamboo charcoal are used for the treatment of health-related problems.
At the same time, antioxidants from shoots and leaves have some roles. These; can be generalized as anticancer, antihypertensive and antibacterial.

In a study examining the effects of bamboo fiber consumption on lipid profiles and intestinal functions in healthy young women; It has been demonstrated that it decreases LDL cholesterol and it has no effect on HDL cholesterol. Also, a significant drop in triacylglycerol was observed. In this study, it was stated that bamboo has beneficial effects on intestinal functions.

In a study examining the psychophysiological effect of bamboo on adults; Systolic and diastolic blood pressure have been reported to decrease, changes in brain waves were observed in EEG shots and a low anxiety score was found. This work; shows that visual stimulation with bamboo causes psychophysiological relaxation.

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