Injuries to the hands and fingers of children


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Injuries to the hands and fingers are particularly common in children. Learn more about them and how to deal with them in this article.
Children are more likely to suffer from hand and finger injuries than adults. Once we are born we have the curiosity to explore our environment. Children touch things and put them in their mouths because they experiment with the sense of touch.

There is a graphic representation of the sensitivity of the body called the Penfield autopsy. This was first described by Dr. Penfield, a neurosurgeon who became famous in the mid-20th century for his work in the areas of the brain. If you look at the painting, you will see that the lips and hands are bigger because they have many aesthetic neurons. That is why children are touching and putting everything in their mouths.

In addition, as children grow older and start walking, they develop a balanced system. So when they fall, they first put their hands on the ground as a reflection to protect the head.

Injuries to the hands and fingers of children due to accidents
Injuries to the hands and fingers are very common.

Unfortunately, homes are full of dangers that children should avoid. Electric burns and finger cuts are the most common accidents at home. Therefore, it is very important to know what are the most common injuries to the hands and fingers, and how to deal with them to avoid complications.

The most common injuries to the hands and fingers

As mentioned in the previous section, these injuries mainly occur in children. Here are the most common causes of this type of injury:

Tissue wounds (what we know as cuts): Children's skin is very thin, so such wounds can be done by touching the tips of canned, tiny crystals on the floor, etc.
Bruises: These occur after falls. They are usually associated with hematomas and bruises. If it is possible to drop, children may break their wrist or finger.
Jab wounds: It is the hardest, in the treatment, type of wound. The wound is deeper as the object penetrates the skin. This increases the risk of infection. In this case, you need to make sure there are no traces of the foreign body in the tissue and clean the wound well.
Friction wounds: These are scratches that occur when the skin is rubbed to the ground during a fall. The knees are the ones that suffer the most, but they can also appear on the hands (when the child falls off the bike or in the schoolyard).


How to deal with injuries

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Regardless of the type of wound, you should follow a series of guidelines to avoid any infection.


First, you will need to make sure there are no traces of foreign matter in the skin and clean the area.
The skin is full of tiny pockets. So even if the wound is superficial, it may bleed a lot.
 Apply ice or cold water (preferably with gauze to avoid direct skin contact) to tighten the vessels. Cold also helps to reduce inflammation.
Then, you have to disinfect the wound. Commercial products, such as povidone-iodine or chlorhexidine, are very effective. They are usually found in the form of sprays.

If the wound does not heal at all or you are dealing with a dirty and deep wound, we recommend that you take your child to a pediatrician and check his or her immunization history. Sutures may be needed to avoid complications and to heal the wound.

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